Grape Varieties

Furmint

The origin of this species of grape is not cleared, in all probability it is autochthonous in Hegyalja. The most widely-planted type is White Furmint. The vine-stock of Furmint is strong growth, canes are stiff-standing, and leaves are less-articulate with serrate edges. Its clusters are medium-sized, cylindrical, berries are round.  It is a late variety, usually ripening in the second half of October, and a very good host of botrytis. Furmint is the dominant grape varietals in Tokaj-Hegyalja. It is the best for making the Aszú wine and Szamorodni. It is also grown in Germany where it is known as mosler and in France as Tokay. Tokaj Furmint wine has a full-body and a slightly harsh-flavoured taste with a medium fragrance.

Hárslevelű (Linden leaf)

The grape is native to Tokaj-Hegyalja where it is blended with Furmint to produce Tokaji Aszú and other dessert wines. Similarly to the Furmint, Hárslevelű grows vigorously, ripens late, and develops botrytis easily, which causes the grape to shrivel, concentrating, and intensifying both the sugar and flavour. Hárslevelű is sensitive to drought, powdery mildew, and mite. It needs the appropriate location to thrive. A number of its selected clones are grown today. In the German speaking countries it is known as Lindenblättriger. Hárslevelű is capable of yielding a dense, full-bodied, green-gold wine with an intense linden-honey-fragrance and bouquet, and a slightly tart after-taste.

Sárga muskotály (Muscat Lunel or Yellow Muscat)

The grape is native to Tokaj-Hegyalja where it is blended with Furmint to produce Tokaji Aszú and other dessert wines. Similarly to the Furmint, Hárslevelű grows vigorously, ripens late, and develops botrytis easily, which causes the grape to shrivel, concentrating, and intensifying both the sugar and flavour. Hárslevelű is sensitive to drought, powdery mildew, and mite. It needs the appropriate location to thrive. A number of its selected clones are grown today. In the German speaking countries it is known as Lindenblättriger. Hárslevelű is capable of yielding a dense, full-bodied, green-gold wine with an intense linden-honey-fragrance and bouquet, and a slightly tart after-taste.

Zéta (Oremus)

Created in 1951 as a cross between Bouvier and Furmint by Ferenc Király. Vine-stock of this variety is moderately intense growth, horizontal shoots, its leaves are less-articulate with serrate edges as leaves of Furmint. Its clusters are small, cylindrical and filled. It ripens in the second half of September, five to six weeks earlier than Furmint. On warm and sunny hillsides it grows good quality of grape and wine also. The variety was formerly called Oremus, but this name has been superseded by Zéta in order to avoid confusion with the Oremus vineyard.

Kövérszőlő

Also known as Fehérszőlő, this is one of the oldest varieties in Tokaj. After the philoxera it disappeared from the wine region. Nowadays Kövérszõlõ is planted scattered in Hungary, but it is expected to be among the grapes recommended for propagation in Tokaj-Hegyalja in the future. It is a vegetative variety of intense growth, shoots are horizontal. Its leaves are dark green with serrate edges. Its clusters are medium-sized, berries are round. It ripens to two weeks before Furmint. It yields large quantities of good quality Aszú berries; therefore it can be the basis of Aszú and Szamorodni wines. Its wine is fragrant and rich in alcohol.

Gohér

Its first written mention dates back to the 16th century. It is a Hungarian-origin, easy ripening variety. It is a characterised by moderately intense growth, its canes are medium thick, leaves are inarticulate or sinuate with serrate edges. Its clusters are moderately long, loose, berries are oval. Because of its pistilate flower that is not easily fertilized, its productivity is low. The berries of Gohér tend to shrivel and accept botrytis very well. Its wine is full-bodied, it has delicate fragrant. Experiments are under way to re-establish Gohér in Tokaj.

Source: http://www.tokaj.hu/